Caring for Your New Poodle Puppy
Your puppy will be up to date on vaccinations and wormed. Your vet will continue a vaccination schedule, which you must follow and keep up with. Puppies get a series of vaccinations just like children go through immunizations. It is typically one booster shot per month until they are about 16 weeks of age. All pups are born with round worms so we worm them often. They should not have any worms by the time they go home but it is always a good idea to take a fresh stool sample to your vet to have it checked for protozoa’s and parasites just in case.
Coccidiosis (aka Coccidia)
We also want all of our customers to be well aware of the signs of stress in a puppy. Lots of puppies can stress out from the move. Think about it, new sounds, new smells, new voices, new faces and absolutely everything is different. This can cause a little puppy to become very scared. Even though you shower your puppy with attention and love, he or she can still become stressed from the changes. The first sign of stress is a loose stool. First it can get loose, then mucousy or even a tint of pink may appear in it (blood). Not to worry, it is very curable! This is what is diagnosed as Coccidiosis (aka Coccidia). I have done lots of research on this and the best way I can describe it is as follows. Coccidia is a protozoa that is dormant like in the intestines. It is commonly referred to as a parasite but it is indeed a protozoa. Not that it matters, they are treated pretty much the same. When a puppy gets upset, this protozoa can become active and irritate the intestinal lining which thus causes the loose stool, mucous and blood. If ignored, it can be very serious and fatal. If you know what to watch for, you can catch it and treat it right away.
Most vets prescribe an oral antibiotic called Albon. Albon is a sweet tasting oral antibiotic that is given once a day for about 10 days. It is remarkable how quickly it takes affect. Within 24 hours usually you will see a big change. Now remember this is if you are keeping watch on your puppy and looking for signs. If ignored, a puppy will get diarrhea and it only goes down hill from there. Worse case would be not only the diarrhea but also vomiting and eventually becoming lethargic and dehydrated. The smaller the puppy, the quicker you can lose them. Although this may be very scary to you, we have never lost a puppy to coccidia. We have only seen it show up in pups at two times. The first time is when they are being weaned from the mom if it happens too quickly and the other is when they move to their new home. I have read that it can come on in a matter of only seven hours! The way we try to prevent this is by sending a bottle of Albon home with your puppy when he or she leaves if we believe there is a high chance of them getting it. My vet thinks it is a good idea to just use the Albon as a preventative as well as a treatment. If you have any questions at all on this subject, please ask!
If you are in the market for a Teacup or Tiny puppy, you may have read already about the risks of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) in the smaller puppies. First of all there has to be a reason for a puppy’s blood sugar level to drop. A happy, healthy puppy is not going to just get low blood sugar for no reason! It can be brought on by poor diet or an illness. First and far most important, they must be eating well. If a puppy refuses to eat because they are still adjusting, we recommend feeding them pretty much whatever they will eat! I have found that puppies will eat their dry kibble much easier if there is something moist mixed in with it. Try adding cottage cheese or yogurt, some canned puppy food or baby food chicken out of the jar along with some corn syrup. This is much more enticing than just a bowl of dry puppy food. You can even add this syrup to you puppy’s drinking water as a constant source of sugar. You can even put a little warm water or pedialite over their food. Some people will boil chicken for a puppy or brown some ground beef and add rice to it. This is great for a puppy and they love it! There are many different things you can make up for a puppy but these are what I know have worked in the past.
Typically a puppy is scared when they get home, not for long but they may not want to eat on the first evening. Don’t be alarmed. This is very common and by the next day they eat like they are starving and everything is back to normal. If your puppy is pretty small, we send a tube of Nutra Cal home with the pup. This is a vitamin supplement that the main ingredient in it is corn syrup. This is what saves a lot of puppies that stand a chance of getting hypoglycemic. It can be given every two hours if needed but typically not but maybe 4 times a day. When the puppy is eating well and into his/her routine, Nutra Cal can be given once a day as a vitamin supplement. Some people have used corn syrup when there is nothing else available and their puppy is very weak (becoming hypoglycemic). If your puppy seems to be acting normal one minute, running and playing and then all of a sudden they are so tired they cannot lift their head, this is a sure sign of hypoglycemia. If ignored, the puppy will become almost lifeless, have seizures and lose conscience. This would be near death and nothing to be ignored. A puppy can die very quickly if not treated. The best thing to do is get some corn syrup down them quickly (pancake syrup …something very sweet) and rush the puppy to your vet. After giving them the sugar, they should respond within 30 minutes. They can almost return to normal but you need to find out what the cause is.
Some extremely tiny teacups need to be watched constantly because they have to eat often and get lots of TLC or they can stress and die. A very small dog is not a good idea to own if you and your family are gone a lot and have busy schedules. A teacup needs a human around and should not be left alone for more than a few hours at a time. A larger teacup is not as fragile but they do still require lots of TLC. If you like the little dogs but cannot afford the big price, check out maybe a Tiny Toy or Toy size. They are still lovely little lap dogs that can travel well and be great companions.
There are options to choose from when it comes to training your new puppy. One option is to crate train. Another option is to train the puppy to go potty on a piddle pad (aka wee wee pad or puppy training pad) or on newspaper. The last option that has become pretty popular now is litter box training. Here are some useful links on the different types of training:
Dos and Don'ts
- No matter what way you choose to train your poodle puppy, be sure to always praise the pup and give him/her a treat when the job is well done. Using a stern, lower voice is enough scolding to a small breed dog. Please do not harm your puppy in any way when getting frustrated in training. Remember, they are only going to learn if you are consistent in teaching them. So many people give up or do not try hard enough to properly train a dog. A poodle is one of the most intelligent breeds out there and they are not difficult to train if the trainer is consistent.
- Puppies sleep a lot so make sure you have an area designated just for puppy. A blanket, towel or doggy bed in the corner of a room will work just fine. If you are crate training your puppy, the crate is a safe place for the puppy to nap. Once the crate training is finished, you can always remove the door from the crate and that will remain the puppy’s safe spot to rest. Dogs like small confined spaces like this. Make sure your crate is not too big (just enough room for them to lay down and turn around).
- Children should be supervised when playing with puppies. If a puppy is mistreated, it could change that puppy’s personality for the rest of his or her life! Make sure that the puppy is never left unattended with children you are unsure about. Some children are very respectful of animals and as we all know, some are never taught to be respectful.
- Never leave a puppy unattended on furniture. A poodle puppy can think he is very brave at times and may try to jump. To avoid any broken bones or worse, be sure to make a house rule of never leaving your puppy on the sofa or bed. Stairs are something that a poodle can learn to go up and down, as they get older. Even a teacup can run up and down stairs if they put their mind to it. I have some very small teacups that run up and down the stairs safely and quickly. However, I also have some full size Toy Poodles that are scared to death of a flight of stairs. It is all in what you expose them to and what they feel safe doing.
- As most of us know, Toy Poodles are very popular dogs. Never leave your puppy unattended to outdoors. I have actually had a customer report that their dog was stolen from their yard! Don’t take any chances; keep a watchful eye on your poodle no matter what his/her age is. Also be careful of large birds. Eagles, Hawks and Owls are large enough to swoop down and grab a puppy. That is a horrible thought but it has happened!
- Lastly, do not take your puppy anywhere in the public that an ill animal could have been until they are fully vaccinated. This usually means at least 16 weeks of age. Once they have all of their vaccinations in them, they are usually immune to the diseases. Public parks, pet stores that allow you to bring your pets in and vet clinics are the main places to be careful of. Of course you have to take your puppy to the vet clinic for vaccinations. However, do not put him/her down on the floor. Make sure the office is clean and the tables are cleaned with a disinfectant that tills viruses. You can never be too safe!
Recipe for Raw Food Diets
Many poodle owners prefer to feed their dog a raw food diet. Here are the steps you can use to prepare raw food for your dog. If you can’t find Happy Pet raw meat dog food, you can substitute a different raw meat designed specially for dogs. Just make sure your mixture comes out roughly 60% meat, 20% Sojos Europa Grain-Free Dog Food Mix, and 20% Sojos European-Style Dog Food Mix.
- Thaw a Happy Pet raw food log in your kitchen sink overnight. You’ll want to do this in your kitchen sink instead of the refrigerator, as the tubes tend to leak.
- Fill a 1.75 quart bowl with Sojos Europa Grain-Free Dog Food Mix , leaving an inch of space at the top of the bowl. Cover it with warm water and let it sit for eight hours (overnight) to rehydrate the dehydrated vegetables.
- Fill a 1 quart bowl about 3/4 full with Sojos European-Style Dog Food Mix (the grain mix). Cover with warm water, and let it stand for 10 minutes. You can do this just before you mix all the parts together.
- Fold together all of these ingredients in a large metal bowl. It doesn’t need to be mixed perfectly.
- Spoon the mixture into quart-size freezer bags and freeze them for later use.
- Serve approximately 1/2 to 1 cup of this mixture to your poodle two times per day.
Recommended Books on How to Feed Your Dog
- See Spot Live Longer, Steve Brown & Beth Taylor
Available through www.amazon.com
- Raw Dog Food: Make It Easy for You and Your Dog, Carina Beth Macdonald
Available through www.amazon.com
- Dr. Pitcairn’s Complete Guide to Natural Health for Dogs and Cats, Richard H. Pitcairn, Susan Hubble Pitcairn
Available through www.amazon.com
If you would like further information on dog food and supplements that are helpful for your dog please visit www.leerburg.com/diet.htm.
There is also a wonderful recipe for homemade raw dog food at the following site: www.tiarapoodles.com/diet.htm
Why You Should Add Apple Cider Vinegar to Your Poodles Water
For adult dogs only.
Suggested mixing ratio: 1 teaspoon per quart
Apple Cider Vinegar may sound like an odd thing to add to your dogs water, but we highly recommend it. Doing so will have these positive effects on your poodles health.
||• Helps eliminate tear stained eyes
• Helps develope stronger immune systems
• Helps control weight
• Helps improve digestion & ph balance
||• Helps maintain healthy skin
• Helps produce shiney coats
• Helps eliminate potty odors
We recommend Bragg’s Apple Cider Vinegar because it is 100% certified organic and is unfiltered, unheated, unpasturized and has a 5% acidity. It contains the amazing Mother of Vinegar which includes natural strand-like enzymes of connected protein molecules. Available nationwide at low cost -- about $5.00 per quart, and it will last for many months.
A Little Yogurt Fights Off Intestinal Parasites
One of the best things you can do for your puppies health is to add a teaspoon of yogurt to their raw food diet mix. We strongly suggest that you add a little bit of all natural organic yogurt daily. Your dog will love it, and the "live culture" present in yogurt will work wonders in your dogs intestinal tract. The intestinal tract is home of the always present coccidea parasites and organic yogurt works wonders in fighting of coccidea growth. It doesn't cost much, and the Horizon Organic Yogurt pictured here is available at Walmart grocery stores but any organic yogurt will suffice.
Become a Positive Leader for Your Dog
The following information is excerpted from a book we highly recommend:
Natural Health for Dogs and Cats
By Dr. Richard H. Pitcairn
Rodale Press, Inc., Emmaus, Pennsylvania
Note: Over 200,000 copies sold
So how do you become the good leader your dog needs? Wolf packs succeed best when their members are happy, healthy, and in relative harmony with each other. If they were constantly squabbling over their rank, they’d be at a disadvantage for rounding up food. So, to maintain social stability, wolves use ongoing nonviolent signals to remind each other of their standing in the pack.
The need to train your dog provides a perfect context to mimic this repeated posturing and to make your leadership clear to your dog again and again. The idea is to convey to your dog that he gets what he wants in life when he listens to you first. You make this work by applying it dozens of times daily, in little ways.
First, make it fun for your dog to watch you for signals. Whenever he sustains eye contact with you, constantly reinforce him with treats, affection, and whatever he loves to do (playing ball, going for a walk, and so on). Associate it with a command like, “Rover, watch!” Make it fun, and soon the command itself will be enough to get your pet’s attention. Once you can get his attention in this way, you’re ready to proceed to other lessons.
Next, show the dog in lots of little ways that he must look to you first to get what he wants. If your pet wants to go outdoors, you tell him to wait. You walk out first. Then he gets to go out. If the dog wants to eat, first tell him to sit. When he sits, you feed him. If your dog wants affection, first tell him to lie down and have him stay for 30 seconds. Then you release him with a code word like “okay” and play together. Once the routine gets going, and your pet knows a few simple commands and learns that getting it right earns him lots of praise plus the thing he wants, he’ll love it.
Every time you tell your dog what to do and he listens, it gently reinforces the idea that you’re in charge, so he doesn’t need to be concerned. It constantly signals to the dog that you’re the leader, and it provides an ongoing supply of the attention he loves. Some dogs will accept this at once, others will put up a struggle about who’s top dog. But consistent, daily, enjoyable reminders of your roles will lead to a more relaxed and confident pet. Make praise and reward the cornerstone of your relationship. Simply by applying the central command to “Watch,” you will soon be past the struggling stage in teaching your dog the basics. Learning itself will become an enjoyable game for him. Your pet will eagerly try to figure out what you want so he can do it!
Neutering or Spaying
We suggest that you have your puppy spayed (females) or neutered (males) at a young age. Generally, about 4-6 months of age is recommended for poodle puppies -- but we suggest you speak with your veterinarian.
Important note: if male poodle puppies are neutered at a young age, generally six months or younger, it will help to prevent them from developing the habit of lifting their leg to leave a territorial "marking" when they are older.
Crates - Man's Next Best Friend
Why use Crates?
Dogs are den animals and feel secure in small enclosed spaces. By nature they will avoid excreting waste in the place where they den and prefer it to be as clean as possible. Dog crates make excellent dens when sized properly. The idea that placing a dog in a crate is cruel is a common misconception. Crates should be used throughout a dog's life and the sooner you introduce your dog to their own crate the better off you both will be. A dog's instinct is to please their owner and most problem behaviors occur while the owner is away. If the dog is in a crate while you are away problem behaviors are avoided and they usually spend most of this time sleeping. Introducing your pet to a crate is one of the best steps you can make toward a properly balanced dog. Crate-trained dogs also travel easier with their dens since they feel secure. This also helps when visiting the veterinarian or groomer who uses crates.
Crate training is the easiest method to housebreak your dog. When returning home, remove your dog from the crate and immediately take them to your chosen spot and encourage them to "go potty," or whatever command you feel comfortable with. Allow them no more than 3 to 5 minutes to potty, not play. If unsuccessful, start the routine over with more crate time. Keep in mind the age of your puppy and how long they may be able to hold their bladder. Dogs vary, but as a rule a 3-month old puppy should be able to last through the night. Also, it's never too late to start using a crate; older dogs may require more time to acclimate. It is also important not to show excitement when removing them from the crate, rather use a soft subtle tone or say nothing until at the potty spot. Excitement can cause many small dogs to experience submissive urination, a behavior that can be difficult to break. Likewise, while placing your dog in the crate before you leave, it's best to remain calm.
The crate should be just big enough for the dog to walk in, turn around, and lay down. It is okay to purchase the size crate that will suit the dog's needs when fully grown. Using a divider to control the amount of crate available is a good idea while your puppy is growing. Don't use a crate that is too big or it will defeat the natural "den" instinct. Your pet may use one end of the crate to go potty instead of exercising bladder control.
Where Should the Crate be Located?
Position the crate in an area that is easy to supervise, not in an isolated area. At night your bedroom is an ideal place so the dog can feel secure near their owner. Avoid drafts or direct heat, and experiment with crate drapes on the top and/or sides for added security. Multiple crates throughout the home makes training much easier. Be sure to never leave a puppy unattended. If you can't watch them -- crate them.
A crate should never be overused or used as a form of punishment. Crates must always be regarded as a safe and special retreat for your dog. Is your dog crate trained?
To purchase these products visit GWLittle.com or call 1-866-GWLittle (495-4885).
Little Dog Car Safety - Why You Need a "Look-out" Car Seat!
Scroll down to read this important car safety article.
You know they want to go along - but keep them SAFE!
According to the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration and the Animal Protection Institute, it is very difficult to know exactly what happens to a dog in a vehicle crash since the testing tools available in the industry are very limited. However it seems obvious that a dog contained in a harness reduces the chance of being injured by hitting other objects or occupants in the vehicle. It should also protect a dog from injuries associated with sudden stops and starts. Traveling pets face the same dangers we do, and they also pose a risk to passengers and other motorists. Author Stephen King was injured when a pick-up truck driver lost control while trying to corral his unrestrained Rottweiler. "Not long ago my dog survived being thrown from my vehicle in a pretty nasty car crash. It could have been avoided if I'd buckled him up with a safety harness in a car seat. I urge EVERYONE with pets to invest in safety harnesses and Lookouts. Use them for EVERY car ride, EVERY time...no matter how short the trip or where you're driving!"
-- Mariann McDonell, Northridge, CA
5 Reasons Your Little Dog Should Use a Lookout Car Seat and Safety Car Vest Harness
Little dogs can provide much-needed distraction from the pressures of daily life. However, you don't want your pet distracting you when you're behind the wheel. The results could be disastrous -- for you, your pet, and other motorists.
Pets without restraints are just like people without seatbelts: If you slam on the brakes or hit another car, they go flying and even the strongest person can't hold back the amount of force generated, even at slow speeds.
A dog that has been in an accident is likely to be in shock, confused, and injured. They may not take kindly to rescue personnel without provocation. You can minimize this danger by properly restraining your dog. They can also be frightened and run from the accident scene. If you're injured you can't run after them.
Even a well-trained dog can be distracted by a squirrel or cat. If your dog is properly tethered they can't jump out the window or chase after another animal when you open your door.
Imagine standing blindfolded in the back of a moving truck. That's what the average car trip is like for your dog, a series of unexpected starts, stops, and turns. You can increase your dog's security and comfort by giving them a boost up to see out the window and providing comfortable restraints.
Dos and Don'ts...
Do use restraints that offer mobility
Some restraints only allow your dog to remain in a sitting position. That might be fine for a quick trip to the post office, but over a longer haul your dog should be able to sit and lie down. Lookouts come with soft Sherpa fabric that give them a soft bed for hours of commuting.
Do properly fit your dog with the correct size restraint
The padded Car VestHarness (#202215) has a flexible fit and a soft cloth lining. The harness slips over their head with elastic fit at the collar and only two adjustable clip buckles at the girth on the dogs' back for their comfort. The D-Ring attaches easily to the Lookout clasp and later to their lead when you take them out of the car. There's also a loop on the harness for seatbelt attachment when your Lookout isn't available.
Do have an I.D. tag on your dog at all times when traveling
You never want them to get away from you, but if they do be sure your cell phone number and address appear on their I.D. tag.
Don't put your dog in a crate or cage
In an accident a crate or cage will go flying through the air just like an unrestrained dog. If the crate itself is secured, your dog may hit against the interior walls with potentially lethal force.
Don't let them hang their head out the window without eye protection
Although a dog may love to have the wind in their face, an animal can suffer eye damage and even vision loss from road debris and insects. We recommend Doggles Safety Eyewear for your little dog whenever you're on the road. They'll look forward to wearing them if they're know they're going for a ride with you!
G.W. Little offers 2 varieties and sizes of Lookouts to suit every little dog and car style.
- Regular Console Lookout is ideal if you prefer your little one next to you, (small pets up to 4 pounds). It enables them to ride between the front driver's bucket seat and the passenger seat. It will boost the pet about 3 inches above the car console. The Console Lookout is secured to the car with straps that hold it to the latched door of your car's console in front and hook to the seat belt anchors on the floor in back of the two front seats. Exterior measures: 8-1/2" wide x 15-1/4" deep x 6-1/4" high.
- Large Console Lookout is designed for SUV's or large vehicles with a wide console, (pets up to 12 pounds). Attachment is similar and exterior measures: 12" wide x 18" deep x 8" high.
- Your little dog is secured to the Console Lookout with a built-in safety strap and double claw hook to attach to the Car Vestharness.
- Comfortable foam form body construction.
- Washable, removable cover with faux lambs wool interior, pleather or quilted nylon exterior.
LOOKOUT PET CAR SEATS
- Regular Lookouts are designed for dogs up to 18 lbs. Solid foam construction bed is designed to be secured across the back with your car's safety belt, tested and proven to be the safest design for quick stops or accidents. The Lookout boosts your little dog up to see out the window while providing a soft cozy bed. The safety strap included attaches to any seat belt then to your dog's Car Vestharness with a double claw hook. Exterior measures: 15" wide x 18" deep x 17" high.
- Large Lookouts are 6" wider for dogs up to 25 lbs. Exterior measures: 21" wide x 18" deep x 17" high.
- Lookouts Car Seats come with a pullout plastic drawer for toys, treats and leads.
- Optional personalization on the flap over drawer -10 letters maximum, additional charges apply.
- Removable and washable cover with faux lamb's wool interior comes in pleather or quilted nylon.
- Lightweight foam construction for portability makes it great for a car safety seat then a bed in the home.
- Optional Lookout Treat Rack available with two covered bowls for treats and water on the go. Frame collapses flat for storage in drawer.
To purchase these products visit GWLittle.com or call 1-866-GWLittle (495-4885).